In the Georgian era, Brighton developed as a extremely modern seaside resort, encouraged by the patronage of the Prince Regent, later King George IV, who spent much time in the town and constructed the Royal Pavilion within the Regency period. Brighton continued to grow as a major centre of tourism following the arrival of the railways in 1841, changing into a preferred vacation spot for day-trippers from London.
There is report of LGBT historical past within the metropolis relationship to the 19th century. Many LGBT pubs, clubs, bars, eating places, cafes and shops are situated around Brighton and specifically around St James’s Street in Kemptown, together with Club Revenge.
Brythonic Celts arrived in Britain within the seventh century BC, and an necessary Brythonic settlement existed at Hollingbury Castle on Hollingbury Hill. This Celtic Iron Age encampment dates from the third or 2nd century BC and is circumscribed by substantial earthwork outer partitions with a diameter of c.
In 1969, a 520-area multi-storey automobile park was constructed beneath the central gardens of Regency Square. The Brighton Main Line railway and A23 road link Brighton to London. The Brighton and Hove Pétanque Club runs an annual triples, doubles and singles competition, casual KOs, winter and summer season league, plus Open competitions with different golf equipment.
Beyond Black Rock, the cliffs rise to greater than one hundred ft and there are three small beaches at Ovingdean Gap, Rottingdean Gap and Saltdean Gap. All are related by the Undercliff Walk, which has been affected by several cliff falls since 2000. Brighton lies between the South Downs and the English Channel to the north and south, respectively. The Sussex coast varieties a wide, shallow bay between the headlands of Selsey Bill and Beachy Head; Brighton developed close to the centre of this bay around a seasonal river, the Wellesbourne , which flowed from the South Downs above Patcham. This emptied into the English Channel on the seaside close to the East Cliff, forming “the natural drainage level for Brighton”. In a 2014 estimate, eleven–15 per cent of town’s population aged sixteen or over is considered lesbian, gay or bisexual. The city additionally had the best share of similar-intercourse households in the UK in 2004 and the most important number of civil partnership registrations outdoors London in 2013.
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Games are performed at The Enclosed Ground, which is set into the South Downs close to Brighton Marina. The University of Brighton, the previous Brighton Polytechnic, had a pupil population of 20,968 in 2005/2006 of which 79 per cent were undergraduates and 63 per cent feminine. The college is on a number of websites with additional buildings in Falmer, Moulsecoomb, Eastbourne and Hastings.
Brighton Fringe runs alongside Brighton Festival, and has grown to be one of many largest fringe festivals on the earth. Together with the street performers from Brighton Festival’s “Streets of Brighton” occasions, and the Royal Mile-esque out of doors performances that make up “Fringe City”, outside spectacles and occasions greater than double during May.
In 1985, the Borough Council described three “myths” about Brighton’s economy. Brighton has been an necessary centre for commerce and employment for the reason that 18th century. Although deprivation in Brighton is distributed throughout town, it is more concentrated in some areas. The highest concentration is within the Whitehawk, Moulsecoomb, and Hollingbury areas but is also discovered across the St. James’s Street and Eastern Road areas. A 2015 authorities statistic showed that the area around Brighton’s Palace Pier roundabout and to the east in direction of St James’s Street in Kemptown is the seventh-worst ‘residing surroundings’ in England. If the invoice moves ahead it would make Brighton the first metropolis within the UK to have such a invoice. Brighton & Hove Albion Football Club is town’s professional affiliation soccer team.
However, this was reversed in the Nineteen Nineties, as gentrification noticed Brighton regain the modern status it held within the 18th and nineteenth centuries, due in no small half to a burgeoning LGBT inhabitants. Over the following few many years, though, events severely affected its native and nationwide standing, such that by 1730 “it was a forlorn town decidedly down on its luck”. More overseas attacks, storms , a declining fishing trade, and the emergence of close by Shoreham as a big port triggered its financial system to undergo. By 1708 other parishes in Sussex had been charged charges to alleviate poverty in Brighton, and Daniel Defoe wrote that the expected £8,000 value of providing sea defences was “more than the whole city was price”. Archaeological evidence of settlement in the area dates again to the Bronze Age, Roman and Anglo-Saxon intervals. The historic settlement of “Brighthelmstone” was documented within the Domesday Book . The city’s significance grew in the Middle Ages as the Old Town developed, but it languished in the early trendy period, affected by foreign attacks, storms, a struggling financial system and a declining population.
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Other major employers embody Lloyds Bank, Legal & General, Asda , Brighton & Hove Bus and Coach Company and call-centre operator Inkfish. In 2012, it was reported that about 1,500 of Gatwick Airport’s 21,000 staff lived in the metropolis of Brighton and Hove. As of 2021, there are 21 wards in the metropolis of Brighton and Hove, of which 12 are in Brighton. In its authentic kind, Brighton parish covered about 1,640 acres between the English Channel, Hove, Preston, Ovingdean and Rottingdean. The borough was first prolonged from 31 October 1873, when 905 acres was annexed from Preston civil parish.
- The Brighton & Hove Bus Company, owned by the Go-Ahead Group since 1993, now runs most bus companies in Brighton.
- Brighton is recognized as one of the least spiritual places within the UK, primarily based upon evaluation of the 2011 census which revealed that forty two per cent of the population profess no faith, far higher than the nationwide common of 25 per cent.
- From 1780, development of the Georgian terraces had started, and the fishing village developed as the modern resort of Brighton.
- Notable state colleges embrace Longhill High School, Varndean School, Patcham High School, Dorothy Stringer High School, Blatchington Mill School and Sixth Form College, Brighton Aldridge Community Academy and Kings School Hove.
There is a Grade II-listed parish boundary marker stone in this passageway. Between Western Road and the seafront, the boundary runs up Little Western Street , however it is not visible. Northwards from Western Road, it runs to the west of Norfolk Road, Norfolk Terrace, Windlesham Road and Windlesham Gardens within the Montpelier area, then alongside the south side of Davigdor Road to Seven Dials. From there it runs along the west aspect of Dyke Road as far as Withdean Road in Withdean, at which point it crosses Dyke Road in order that the section north of that is part of Hove parish. The boundary continues to comply with Dyke Road in direction of Devil’s Dyke on the South Downs.
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Many of the main points of interest had been built within the Victorian era, including the Grand Hotel, the Hilton Brighton Metropole, the Palace Pier and the West Pier. The town continued to grow into the 20th century, expanding to include more areas into the city’s boundaries before becoming a member of Hove to form the unitary authority of Brighton and Hove in 1997, which was granted metropolis standing in 2000. Today, Brighton and Hove district has a resident population of about 290,885 and the wider Brighton and Hove conurbation has a inhabitants of 474,485 . The University of Sussex, established in 1961 as the first of the plate-glass universities, is a campus research intensive university between Stanmer Park and Falmer, four miles from the town centre.
Brighton is well known for the nice buying, with a high variety of unbiased shops, which add to the character of the town. Brighton is a well-liked vacation spot for conferences, exhibitions and trade gala’s, and has had a function-constructed conference centre—the Brighton Centre—since 1977. Direct revenue from the Brighton Centre’s a hundred doozy vape mixed berries 18mg and sixty events per 12 months is £eight million, and an extra £50 million is generated indirectly by guests spending money throughout their stay. Brighton’s largest personal sector employer is American Express, whose European headquarters are at John Street. Planning permission to demolish the old Amex offices and build a alternative was granted in 2009, and work started in March 2010.
After enjoying on the Goldstone Ground for 95 years, the club spent 2 years floor-sharing 70 miles away at Gillingham F.C. before returning to the city as tenants of the Withdean Stadium.
Brighton began to attract more visitors following improved street transport to London and changing into a boarding point for boats travelling to France. The town also developed in popularity as a health resort for sea bathing as a purported remedy for diseases. ) is a constituent part of the city of Brighton and Hove, a former city situated on the southern coast of England, within the county of East Sussex. It is finest often known as a seaside resort and is positioned forty seven miles south of London. It was created from the neighbouring but previously individually ruled cities of Brighton and Hove. Until deregulation in 1986, bus providers in Brighton had been provided by Southdown Motor Services and Brighton Borough Transport underneath a joint association referred to as “Brighton Area Transport Services”. Southdown were a part of the nationalised NBC group and had been based at Freshfield Road in the Kemptown area; Brighton Borough Transport have been owned by the council and used the former tram depot at Lewes Road as their headquarters.
There are additionally smaller theatres such because the Marlborough Theatre, the New Venture, and the Brighton Little Theatre. The city has the new function constructed Brighton Open Air Theatre, or B•O•A•T, which opened for the Brighton Festival in May 2015. Brighton is the home of the UK’s first Walk of Fame which celebrates the various wealthy and famous individuals related to the city.
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Based on the Freedom of Information information there are 4,095 folks sleeping tough or in emergency or temporary accommodation in the metropolis, suggesting that one in sixty nine individuals in Brighton and Hove was homeless. In Online Vape Shop Ireland Buy Gourmet E Liquid Online issued in November 2016, three areas in Brighton & Hove, East Brighton, Queen’s Park, and Moulsecoomb & Bevendean ranked within the top ten per cent nationally for deprivation. Brighton is identified as one of the least religious locations in the UK, primarily based upon analysis of the 2011 census which revealed that 42 per cent of the inhabitants profess no faith, far larger than the nationwide common of 25 per cent. The largest religion is Christianity, with 43 per cent reporting an affiliation. The second-largest religion is Islam, with 2.2 per cent, which is lower than the national common. In 1997, the city of Brighton and its neighbouring town Hove were joined to kind the unitary authority of Brighton and Hove, which was granted city status by Queen Elizabeth II as part of the millennium celebrations in 2000.
The Brighton & Hove Bus Company, owned by the Go-Ahead Group since 1993, now runs most bus services in Brighton. Compass Travel, The Big Lemon, Metrobus, Stagecoach South function services to central Brighton. The city had 1,184 bus stops in 2012, 456 of which had a shelter. Real-time travel info displays are offered at many stops. Whitehawk Football Club is a semi-professional association football club based mostly in a suburb in east Brighton. They play in the Isthmian League South East having received promotion three times within the house four years between 2009 and 2013, before getting relegated twice in fast succession within the 2017–18 and 2018–19 season.
New housing estates have been established in the acquired areas, together with Moulsecoomb, Bevendean, Coldean and Whitehawk. The major growth of 1928 additionally incorporated the villages of Patcham, Ovingdean and Rottingdean, and much council housing was built in elements of Woodingdean after the Second World War. By the Nineteen Seventies, the town had acquired a status as a retirement vacation spot, with an aged population.
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From the 1730s, Brighton entered its second part of development—one which introduced a rapid improvement in its fortunes. The modern fad for ingesting and bathing in seawater as a purported remedy for illnesses was enthusiastically inspired by Dr Richard Russell from close by Lewes. He sent many patients to “take the treatment” within the sea at Brighton, published a popular treatise on the subject, and moved to the city quickly afterwards (the Royal Albion, considered one of Brighton’s early hotels, occupies the location of his home).
Each May the town hosts the Brighton Festival and Brighton Fringe, the second largest arts pageant within the UK . This contains processions such as the Children’s Parade, out of doors spectaculars often involving pyrotechnics, and theatre, music and visible arts in venues throughout the town, some introduced into this use completely for the competition. The earliest characteristic of the pageant, the Artists’ Open Houses, are properties of artists and craftspeople opened to the public as galleries, and often promoting the work of the occupants. Since 2002, these have been organised independently of the official Festival and Fringe.
Stanmer Park sits on the northern edge of Brighton and extends into the South Downs. The largest urban park in the metropolis is Preston Park and The Level was just lately developed. Brighton has many evening-life hotspots and is associated with in style musicians including Fatboy Slim, Kirk Brandon, Tim Booth, Nick Cave, David Van Day from Dollar, Adam Freeland, Orbital , and Robert Smith. Live music venues embrace the Concorde2, Brighton Centre and the Brighton Dome, where ABBA obtained a substantial increase to their career once they gained the Eurovision Song Contest 1974. Brighton also has the most electronic music events within the UK.Brighton can be host to The Great Escape music festival every May. The second half of 1973 rock opera Quadrophenia by The Who takes place at Brighton Beach.
Others have been already visiting the town for leisure functions before Russell turned well-known, and his actions coincided with other developments which made Brighton extra enticing to visitors. Later, there was a Roman villa at Preston Village, a Roman street from London ran nearby, and much physical evidence of Roman occupation has been found regionally. From the first century AD, the Romans constructed a number of villas in Brighton and Romano-British Brythonic Celts shaped farming settlements in the space. After the Romans left within the early 4th century AD, the Brighton space returned to the management of the native Celts.
Behind the estuary was a stagnant pond known as the Pool or Poole, so named since the medieval period. This was built over with houses and outlets nasty salt 50 50 wicked haze 10mg from 1793, when the Wellesbourne was culverted to forestall flooding, and only the name of the street marks its web site.
To the east of Brighton, chalk cliffs protected by a sea-wall rise from the seashore. In 2016, Government figures analysed by the charity Shelter revealed that Brighton and Hove had the worst rate for homelessness exterior London and is worse than some boroughs within the capital.
Brighton is the terminus of a number of London-to-Brighton rides and runs, such because the veteran automobile run and bike experience. Groups of mods and rockers nonetheless bring their scooters and motorbikes to the city, however their gatherings at the moment are much more sedate than the violent 1960s confrontations depicted in Quadrophenia. Other notable Anglican church buildings embrace the very tall brick-constructed St Bartholomew’s designed by the architect Edmund Scott; St Peter’s ; and St Martin’s , noted for its ornate inside. There is an lively Unitarian community based mostly in a Grade II listed constructing in New Road. Brighton has six listed Roman Catholic church buildings; St John the Baptist’s Church in Kemptown is the earliest surviving Roman Catholic church within the metropolis. Volk’s Electric Railway runs along the inland fringe of the seashore from Palace Pier to Black Rock and Brighton Marina.
Served by trains and 24-hour buses, it has a student population of around 20,000 students of which about a quarter are postgraduates. The university has been ranked 40th within the UK by the Complete University Guide in its 2021 rankings and 246th on the planet by the World University Rankings of 2021. The lesbian, homosexual, bisexual and trans community in Brighton is among the largest and most distinguished within the UK, and Brighton has been named the “homosexual capital of the UK”.
From 1780, improvement of the Georgian terraces had began, and the fishing village developed because the fashionable resort of Brighton. Growth of the town was further inspired by the patronage of the Prince Regent after his first go to in 1783. He spent much of his leisure time in the city and constructed the Royal Pavilion in the course of the early a part of his Regency. In this era the fashionable type of the name Brighton got here into widespread use. The first settlement in the Brighton space was Whitehawk Camp, a Neolithic encampment on Whitehawk Hill which has been dated to between 3500 BC and 2700 BC. Archaeologists have only partially explored it, but have found numerous burial mounds, instruments and bones, suggesting it was a spot of some significance.
Brighton & Hove Hockey Club is a large hockey club that practice and play their matches at Blatchington Mill School. The males’s 1XI gained promotion in 2013 to the England Hockey League system, Conference East. Brighton Football Club is likely one of the oldest Rugby Clubs in England.Brighton was chosen as one of many 13 Rugby World Cup 2015 host cities, with two games being performed on the 30,750 capacity Falmer Stadium. There are a variety of impartial schools, together with Brighton College, Roedean School, Steiner School, BHHS and a Montessori School. As with the state schools, some independents are faith-based mostly; Torah Academy, the last Jewish primary faculty, became a Pre-K/Nursery School on the finish of the 2007. The Brighton Institute of Modern Music, a totally accredited music school, opened in 2001 and has since expanded to five areas all through Britain.
For some time it was into account for restoration, but two fires in 2003, and different setbacks, led to these plans being deserted. Nevertheless, publicity material presented in question-and-answer kind during the constructing of the British Airways i360 statement tower maintained that the building of the tower would not show prejudicial to the eventual restoration of the pier. Churchill Square is a purchasing centre with a ground house of 470,000 sq ft and over eighty retailers, a number of restaurants and 1,600 automotive-parking areas. It was constructed in the 1960s as an open-air, multi-stage pedestrianised buying centre, however was rebuilt and enlarged in 1998 and is no longer open-air. Further retail areas include Western Road and London Road, the latter of which is currently present process intensive regeneration in the type of new housing and commercial properties. The Lanes which is characterised by a labyrinth of slender alleyways form a retail, leisure and residential area near the seafront, following the road pattern of the original fishing village. The Lanes contain predominantly outfitters, jewellers, vintage shops, eating places and pubs.
Several LGBT charities, publishers, social and assist teams are additionally based mostly in the metropolis. Brighton has a 5.four-mile (eight.7 km) expanse of shingle seashore, a part of the unbroken 8-mile section inside the city limits. Neighbouring Hove is known for its lots of of painted timber seashore huts, however brick-walled chalets are additionally available on Brighton seafront, particularly in direction of Rottingdean and Saltdean. Especially east of the Palace Pier, a flat sandy foreshore is uncovered at low tide. The Palace Pier section of the seaside has been awarded blue flag standing. Part of the seashore adjoining Madeira Drive, to the east of town centre, has been redeveloped right into a sports activities complicated and opened to the public in March 2007, with courts for pursuits such as beach volleyball and supreme Frisbee amongst others.
Food and drink related festivals include the normal Blessing of the Fisheries, where barbecued mackerel are eaten on the seashore and the more modern Fiery Foods Chilli Festival. The main Sussex beer pageant is held in close by Hove, and there is a smaller beer festival within the Hanover space. Local resident Fatboy Slim has placed on three “Big Beach Boutique” reveals, in 2002, 2006 and 2008. An inaugural White Nights all-evening arts pageant took place in October 2008 and continued for four years until it was postponed in 2012 because of a lack of European funding. 2009 noticed the first Brighton Zine Fest celebrating zine and DIY culture within the city. The Kemptown area has its own small annual road pageant, the Kemptown Carnival, and the Hanover space similarly has a “Hanover Day”. Disability Pride Brighton promotes acceptance and visibility for area residents who are disabled.
The metropolis council owns all of the beaches, which are divided into named sections by groynes—the first of which had been completed in 1724. Eastwards from the Hove boundary, the names are Boundary, Norfolk, Bedford, Metropole, Grand , Centre, King’s, Old Ship, Volk’s, Albion, Palace Pier, Aquarium, Athina , Paston, Banjo, Duke’s, Cliff, Crescent and Black Rock.
One original house survives from the time of the pool’s enclosure. Behind Pool Valley is Old Steine , initially a flat and marshy space where fishermen dried their nets. The Wellesbourne sometimes reappears during times of extended heavy rain; writer Mark Antony Lower referred to an early 19th-century drawing of the Royal Pavilion exhibiting “fairly a pool of water across the Steyne”. As of A Full Guide To Cbd Beauty Self Care Products , the Brighton and Hove district, of which Brighton is the largest area, has an estimated resident population of 290,885 residents. Compared to the national average, Brighton has fewer kids and old residents but a large proportion of adults aged 20–forty four. The arrival of the London and Brighton Railway in 1841 brought Brighton throughout the reach of day-trippers from London. The inhabitants grew from round 7,000 in 1801 to greater than 120,000 by 1901.
Since the demolition in 1978 of the Black Rock open-air lido on the jap finish of Brighton’s seafront, the area has been developed and now options considered one of Europe’s largest marinas. However, the location of the pool itself stays empty except for a skate park and graffiti wall. Since 2003 a sequence of developments have been proposed however have come to nothing, including housing, a 5-star lodge with a winter garden, and an eleven,000-seat sports enviornment. The Royal Pavilion, a Grade I listed constructing, is a former royal palace constructed as a house for the Prince Regent through the early 19th century, under the direction of the architect John Nash. It is notable for its Indo-Saracenic structure and Oriental interior. Other Indo-Saracenic buildings in Brighton embody the Sassoon Mausoleum, now, with the our bodies reburied elsewhere, in use as a chic supper club. The old boundary between Brighton and Hove is most clearly seen on the seafront, where the King Edward Peace Statue straddles the border, and in a twitten called Boundary Passage which runs northwards from Western Road to Montpelier Road.
It was created in 1883 and is the world’s oldest operating electrical railway. Brighton Marine Palace and Pier opened in 1899; it features a funfair, restaurants and arcade halls. The West Pier was in-built 1866 and is considered one of only two Grade I listed piers within the United Kingdom; it has been closed since 1975.
The faculty is predicated at the University of Sussex campus and works carefully with the Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust. Theatres embrace the Brighton Dome and associated Pavilion Theatre, the expanded Komedia , the Old Market which was renovated and re-opened in 2010 and the Theatre Royal which celebrated its 2 hundredth anniversary in 2007. The Attenborough Centre for the Creative arts is nearby, part of the University of Sussex campus.
Anglo-Saxons then invaded within the late fifth century AD, and the region became part of the Kingdom of Sussex, founded in 477 AD by king Ælle. Poet Horace Smith called it “The Queen of Watering Places”, which remains to be extensively used, and “Old Ocean’s Bauble”. Novelist William Makepeace Thackeray referred to “Doctor Brighton”, calling the city “one of the best of Physicians”. “London-by-the-Sea” is nicely-identified, reflecting Brighton’s popularity with Londoners as a day-journey resort, a commuter dormitory and a desirable vacation spot for those wanting to move out of the metropolis. “The Queen of Slaughtering Places”, a pun on Smith’s description, grew to become well-liked when the Brighton trunk murders came to the public’s attention within the Thirties. The mid-19th-century nickname “School Town” referred to the remarkable variety of boarding, charity and church colleges within the town at the time.
“Brighton” was originally a casual shortened kind, first seen in 1660; it steadily supplanted the longer name and was in general use from the late 18th century, though Brighthelmstone remained the city’s official name till 1810. Most students believe that it derives from Beorthelm + tūn—the homestead of Beorthelm, a typical Old English name associated with villages elsewhere in England. The tūn component is common in Sussex, especially on the coast, although it occurs occasionally together with a private name. An different etymology taken from the Old English phrases for “stony valley” is usually given but has much less acceptance.
The membership is affiliated to Sussex Pétanque, the local region of the English Pétanque Association, so they can additionally play at a Regional and National level. The Peace Statue terrain is the official pétanque terrain situated on the seafront close to the West Pier. A greyhound racing circuit – the Brighton & Hove Greyhound Stadium – in Hove is run by Coral, at which Motorcycle speedway racing was staged in 1928. Motoring events happen on Madeira Drive, a bit of roadway on Brighton’s seafront, all year long. It was initially constructed to host what is often held to be the world’s oldest motor race, the Brighton Speed Trials, which has been running since 1905. The event is organised by the Brighton and Hove Motor Club and usually takes place on the second Saturday in September annually.
Many of the main sights have been built through the Victorian period, such because the Grand Hotel , the West Pier , and the Palace Pier . Prior to both of these constructions, the well-known Chain Pier was built, to the designs of Captain Samuel Brown. It lasted from 1823 to 1896, and is featured in paintings by each Turner and Constable. A permanent navy presence was established in the city with the completion of Preston Barracks in 1793.
They reached the 1983 FA Cup Final drawing 2–2 with Manchester United earlier than losing in the replay 5 days later. The 2017–18 football season noticed Brighton’s debut in the Premier League after a win against Wigan Athletic guaranteed computerized promotion to the top flight.
At the beginning of the 2011–12 season the membership moved completely to Falmer Stadium, a Premier League degree stadium colloquially generally known as ‘the Amex’. Notable achievements embody winning promotion to the Football League First Division in 1979 and staying there for 4 seasons.
Brighthelm provides its name to, among other issues, a church, a pub in Brighton, some halls of residence on the University of Sussex. Writing in 1950, historian Antony Dale noted that unnamed antiquaries had advised an Old English word “brist” or “briz”, which means “divided”, might have contributed the first part of the historic name Brighthelmstone. The city was originally split in half by the Wellesbourne, a winterbourne which was culverted and buried within the 18th century. Brighton attracted 7.5 million day guests in 2015/16 and 4.9 million overnight visitors, Brighton has been referred to as the UK’s “hippest city” and “the happiest place to reside in the UK”. The Daniel Wakeford music “It’s an exquisite city” is filmed within the heart of Brighton City, and sometimes mentions Brighton with the phrase ‘I’m within the Brighton’. By 1985 there were about 5,000 parking spaces in central Brighton. The largest automotive parks are at London Road, King Street, and the Churchill Square/Regency Road/Russell Road complicated.
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